The first day of Bada Dashain festival is called “Ghatasthapana” that falls on Aswin Shukla Pratipada, the first day of the bright half of the lunar calendar in the month of Asoj.
On the day of Ghatasthapana, all Nepalis worship Diyo (an oil-fed lamp), Kalas (auspicious jar) and lord Ganesh in accordance with Vedic rituals and sow maize and barley seeds in a jar filled with soil and cow dung for germination of the auspicious Jamara (barley shoots).
There is also a tradition of sacrificing animals while initiating the germination of the “Jamara”.
“Navaraat “ or the nine-night festival of Bada Dashain, the great festival of the Hindus of Nepal, commenced from today.
The golden barley shoots and the auspicious Tika are given by parents to their children and by elders to their juniors on the tenth day of the Bada Dashain festival with blessings for peace, progress and prosperity.
Among the Newa of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal where ever Newar are, Dashain traditionally called Mohani Nakha (Newar: मोहनी नखा:) is celebrated as the most important festival of Nepal Sambat calendar year.Among the Hindus and Newars, it is celebrated with slight differences and interpretations.